The future of European Space Agency-EU relationship: critical aspects and perspectives.

Dimitris Liakopoulos


The present work analyzes the relation of European Space Agency with EU. EU Space programmes, and its dependence from ESA’s technical skills, have not turned into a definitive evolution of European space governance. Following the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, art. 189 TFEU expressly provides that the Union establishes all the important connections with the ESA in order to carry out their efficient cooperation. The introduction of such legal basis, shows a substantial lack of political will, mostly by ESA’s member states and ESA itself, towards the creation of a single European entity, responsible for space policy in the continent, under the umbrella of EU.

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